Articles

Grandparenting Practices in Shaping Early Childhood Resilience: A Case Study in Lampung Province, Indonesia

AUTHOR :
Vivi Irzalinda, Devi Nawang Sasi
INFORMATION :
page. 81~106 / 2024 Vol.18 No.1

ABSTRACT

In Indonesia, there are many cases of care by grandparents. Many things can cause this to happen, such as parents working outside the home, commuter families, parental divorce, maternal depression, parental death, and economic problems that drive parents to work abroad. A child's childhood experiences and nurturing environment are determinants of well-being throughout the life course. In addition to parental care, nurturing and close grandparent-grandchild relationships in childhood are particularly important as these lay the foundation for strong relationships in adulthood. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between grandparenting practices and early childhood resilience. This study used quantitative methods. The research location was in Lampung Province, Indonesia. The sampling method used snowball sampling method. The number of respondents was 75 grandparents and 75 early childhood children, with the condition that families who live with grandparents (grandparenting) and have early childhood aged 1-6 years. Data collection methods using survey techniques using a questionnaire scale. Data analysis using descriptive test and spearman correlation test. Based on the results of the analysis, it can be concluded that the largest percentage (49.3%) of respondents have grandmother's age in the young elderly category (60-69 years). The largest percentage (32.0%) of grandmother respondents had an elementary school education level. The largest percentage (72%) of respondents had moderate grandparenting practices with an average of 57.4 percent. The largest percentage (92.0%) stated that early childhood resilience was in the high category with an average of 88.6 percent. Based on the relationship analysis, it is known that there is a positive significant relationship between the positive encouragement dimension variables and the individual dimensions of children's resilience. There is a positive significant relationship between the variables of positive encourageme and grandparent-grandchildren relationship with the dimension of relationships with caregivers. In addition, there is a relationship between positive encourageme and grandparent-grandchildren relationship variables with child resilience variables.

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