This paper examines children’s number fact knowledge in relation to mathematics problem solving.These findings are derived from a study that set out to explore the impact on mathematics learning ofusing multiplication and division contexts with 84 five- to seven-year-old children from diverse culturaland linguistic backgrounds. After a series of focused lessons, children’s knowledge of number facts,including single-digit addition, subtraction, and doubles improved substantially. However, children didnot always apply this knowledge to relevant problem-solving situations. The difficulty level for recallingnumber facts was not directly related to the magnitude of the numbers, with certain salient facts such as5+5 and 10+10 learned earlier than facts with smaller sums such as 2+3 and 1+4.
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