As part of a cluster randomized controlled trial (Bundy et al., 2017), the after school-hours activities
of 5-7 year old children were recorded by parents and other adult carers on four consecutive
weekdays between 3:30pm-7:00pm. Records of time use showed most time was spent indoors in
activities involving low levels of physical activity. The most-frequently-recorded activity was screen
time, accounting for approximately one quarter of all activities. Higher levels of physical activity
were reported when children were outdoors (19.5% of time) and/or with peers (9.58%). If an adult
was present, highest activity levels of children occurred when the child was with a teacher/carer
(6.07%). Although concern is frequently raised about children spending too much time in organized
activities, these structured forms of out-of-school choices accounted for only 8.09% of recordings.
The results of the current study strengthen the evidence base, supporting the need to optimise out-ofschool
times with more developmentally important social and physical contexts. We discuss ways in
which context may support or inhibit opportunities physical activity in after school-hours activities.