AUTHOR : Jainatul Halida Jaidin
INFORMATION : page. 23~37 / 2018 Vol.12 No.1
Data in qualitative research are mainly derived through observations, document analysis, and interviews. The interview process in qualitative studies, however, can become challenging and complex when a group of children is involved as participants. This paper examines the methodological challenges faced by researchers when interviewing children and makes a case for the use of scenario-based interviews to obtain quality data from children in phenomenographic research. The discussion is based on a phenomenographic study that aimed at exploring and understanding children’s experiences of learning in government primary schools in Brunei Darussalam. The processes that led to the development of two scenarios in a series of phenomenographic interviews are discussed in this paper. While there are limitations in the use of scenario-based interviews with children in phenomenographic research, it has the potential to address methodological concerns and, more importantly, to elicit quality data. Finally, the scenario-based interview offers an alternative to the in-depth interviews typically used in phenomenographic research.
interviewing children,phenomenography,qualitative research