pISSN : 1976-1961

Values, Risks, and the Shaping of Kindergarten Rules in Japan

AUTHOR : Karen Guo

INFORMATION : page. 45~65 / 2017 Vol.11 No.2


The relationship between values, risks and rules is of the central interest in this study. Through engagement with values and risks, this paper seeks to obtain an understanding of rules in the context of Japanese kindergartens, one that is underpinned by teachers’ and children’s perspectives of desirable and undesirable learning behaviours and outcomes. Values education and risk society theory are employed as the theoretical basis to conceptualize the topic. The analysis from teachers’ interviews, teachers’ questionnaires and children’s interviews shows how values, risks and rules are foregrounded in teachers’ and children’s perspectives, building a case for the idea that rules reinforce values and prevent risks in children’s learning.

Keyword :


Japanese Kindergarten Education

Theoretical Framework: Values Education and Risk Society Theory

The Present Study

Values: Ideal Aspects of Children’s Learning

Risks: Undesirable Outcomes to Avoid in Children’s Learning

Rules: The Right Things to Do in Practice



Limitations of the Study and Future Research Possibilities


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